Restoring the Ocular Integrity of Perforated Corneal Ulcer Using Living Surgical Donor Tissues Derived From Keratoplasty in the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Publication date: Feb 01, 2024

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused an unprecedented crisis for corneal surgeons who were forced to strategize for an acute shortage of tissues. Here, we report the initial clinical outcomes of utilizing host corneal buttons derived from optical penetrating keratoplasties of pseudophakic bullous keratoplasty (PBK) patients. Two patients presented to our department with a perforated fungal corneal ulcer in one eye during the COVID-19 pandemic. One eye of each of the patients was operated on with non-vascularized host cut tissues preserved in glycerin. The tissues were secured using 10-0 nylon sutures. Good anatomical integrity was achieved in both eyes. An optical penetrating keratoplasty (PK) was done in both eyes after one year for visual rehabilitation, with a final visual acuity of 20/120 and 20/80, respectively, at six months. In conclusion, therapeutic PK using host tissues obtained from the recipients of optical PK is a safe and effective option to restore ocular integrity during a shortage of fresh or glycerol-preserved corneas. However, optical PK is required for the final visual rehabilitation.

Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus covid-19
Pandemic fungal
Surgeons infectious keratitis
Therapeutic pseudophakic bullous keratopathy
therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH Corneal Ulcer
disease MESH COVID-19 Pandemic
disease VO report
disease IDO host
drug DRUGBANK Glycerin
disease VO effective
disease MESH keratitis

Original Article

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