Vaccination coverage against COVID-19 among rural population in Haryana, India: A cross-sectional study.

Publication date: Mar 08, 2024

Conducting a study in rural pre-dominant areas will help to understand the penetration of the vaccination campaign during the COVID-19 health crisis. This study aimed to investigate vaccination coverage against COVID-19 among the rural adult population in India and to identify factors associated with vaccination coverage. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted among the rural population in one district of north India from January to February 2023. A semi-structured questionnaire was designed on the SurveyMonkey digital platform for interviewing the participants, which consisted of questions related to socio-demographic profile, health problems, vaccination status, types of vaccine, re-infection after vaccination, and functional difficulties. The data regarding infection with COVID-19 was collected based on self-reported positive testing for SARS-CoV 2 on RT-PCR. A total of 3700 eligible individuals were enumerated for the survey, out of which 2954 (79. 8%) were interviewed. The infection rate of past COVID-19 infection, based on self-report of testing positive, was 6. 2% (95%CI: 5. 3-7. 1). Covishield vaccine was received by most participants (81. 3%, 2380) followed by Covaxin (12. 3%, 361) and Pfizer manufactured vaccine (0. 03,1). The coverage for first, second, and booster doses of the vaccine was 98. 2% (2902), 94. 8% (2802), and 10. 7% (315) respectively. The risk of reinfection at 12 months or more among participants with two doses of vaccine was 1. 6% (46/2802, 95%CI: 1. 2-2. 1). The coverage among those with severe functional difficulties was lesser as compared to those with some or no difficulties. Vaccination coverage against COVID-19 in rural Haryana, India is not dependent on factors like gender or occupation but is dependent on age and education. Although the full and partial vaccination coverage is high, the booster dose coverage is poor. In addition, the presence of severe disability was significantly associated with reduced vaccination coverage.

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Concepts Keywords
February Based
Pcr Coverage
Rural Covid
Surveymonkey Cross
Vaccination Difficulties


Type Source Name
disease VO vaccination coverage
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO population
disease VO vaccination
disease VO vaccine
disease MESH re-infection
disease MESH infection
disease VO report
disease VO COVAXIN
disease VO dose
disease VO Pal
disease MESH Drug Dependence
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease IDO history
disease IDO process
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
disease VO organization
disease MESH emergency
disease VO Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
disease MESH morbidity
disease VO effective
disease IDO intervention
disease MESH complications
disease VO effectiveness
disease VO time
disease MESH death
disease MESH asymptomatic infection
disease VO vaccinated
disease VO device
drug DRUGBANK Midazolam
drug DRUGBANK Aspartame
drug DRUGBANK Trestolone
drug DRUGBANK Cysteamine
disease VO protocol
disease IDO quality

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