Comparing multiple infection control measures in a nursing home setting: a simulation study.

Publication date: Mar 15, 2024

Compare the effectiveness of multiple mitigation measures designed to protect nursing home residents from infectious disease outbreaks. Agent-based simulation study. Simulation environment of a small nursing home. We collected temporally detailed and spatially fine-grained location information from nursing home healthcare workers (HCWs) using sensor motes. We used these data to power an agent-based simulation of a COVID-19 outbreak using realistic time-varying estimates of infectivity and diagnostic sensitivity. Under varying community prevalence and transmissibility, we compared the mitigating effects of (i) regular screening and isolation, (ii) inter-resident contact restrictions, (iii) reduced HCW presenteeism, and (iv) modified HCW scheduling. Across all configurations tested, screening every other day and isolating positive cases decreased the attack rate by an average of 27% to 0. 501 on average, while contact restrictions decreased the attack rate by an average of 35%, resulting in an attack rate of only 0. 240, approximately half that of screening/isolation. Combining both interventions impressively produced an attack rate of only 0. 029. Halving the observed presenteeism rate led to an 18% decrease in the attack rate, but if combined with screening every 6 days, the effect of reducing presenteeism was negligible. Altering work schedules had negligible effects on the attack rate. Universal contact restrictions are highly effective for protecting vulnerable nursing home residents, yet adversely affect physical and mental health. In high transmission and/or high community prevalence situations, restricting inter-resident contact to groups of 4 was effective and made highly effective when paired with weekly testing.

Concepts Keywords
Attack Attack
Covid Average
Nursing Contact
Small Control
Weekly Effective
Home
Multiple
Nursing
Presenteeism
Rate
Residents
Restrictions
Screening
Simulation
Study

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH infection
disease VO effectiveness
disease MESH infectious disease
pathway REACTOME Infectious disease
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO time
disease IDO infectivity
disease VO effective

Original Article

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