Lifestyle and eating habits changes among adults during COVID-19 era in Egypt: a population-based study.

Lifestyle and eating habits changes among adults during COVID-19 era in Egypt: a population-based study.

Publication date: Mar 19, 2024

The 2019 recent Coronavirus is without a doubt one of the most complicated viruses to ever pose a threat to humanity. Numerous viral containment strategies forced sedentary behaviors and dietary changes that would-otherwise- increase the chances of acquiring non-communicable diseases. The objectives of the current study are to identify any changes in eating behaviors through the Mediterranean Diet Adherence in a sample of Egyptians throughout the COVID-19 era. A cross-sectional study was done on a sample of 205 Egyptians by an online self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included socio-demographic factors, self-reported weights and heights, a validated Arabic form of the well-known International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ-SF), a validated Arabic version of 14-items Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS), in addition to a section assessing dietetic changes. The data was then analyzed using the SPSS version 20 (Statistical Package for Social Sciences). The majority of the study sample were females (74. 6%); had a high level of education (93. 2%); and about 75% were married. Most of the participants were non-smokers, with around a 7% increased frequency of smoking after the COVID-19 pandemic. Fast food consumption was also reported by a major percentage of study participants (60%). Low Mediterranean Diet Adherence was found in 52. 7%. Moreover, Physical Activity (PA) decreased to 61%. Moreover, there was a statistically significant increase seen in the participants’ BMI as well as the number of sleeping hours (pā€‰=ā€‰0. 001 and 0. 043 respectively) after the pandemic. Both changed hunger sensation and any changes in physical activity were significantly associated with increased BMI (pā€‰

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Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus Eating habits
Dietetic Pandemic
Egypt Physical activity
Fast
Married

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH Lifestyle
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO population
disease VO Viruses
disease MESH non-communicable diseases
disease MESH level of education
disease VO frequency

Original Article

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