Covid-19 skepticism and public health norms during refugee assistance: does skepticism always lead to poor safety protocol adherence?

Publication date: Mar 22, 2024

Skepticism about COVID-19’s existence or severity has spread as fast as the disease itself, and in some populations has been shown to undermine protective public health behaviors that can mitigate infection. For populations that are especially vulnerable to COVID spread and severity, such as refugees, COVID skepticism is particularly problematic. We examine data collected from observations of humanitarian services provided to refugees in Lebanon, TcFCrkiye, and Jordan to determine if skepticism is related to adherence to specific health-protective protocols (masking, social distancing, and hand sanitizing), and whether the effects of COVID skepticism are mediated by particular populations of refugees or the country in which those refugees receive assistance. We found that community skepticism (the frequency of COVID skepticism expressed by others within a service location) is associated with lower adherence to certain protocols and not others. We also found that with certain protocols, the country in which refugees receive services mediates the relationship between community skepticism and protocol adherence, but for other protocols the relationship between skepticism and adherence is independent of either country in which refugees reside or the refugee population being served. The existence of skepticism about COVID-19 does not always lead to an unwillingness to take protective measures to avoid infection. The mechanisms underlying the relationship between skepticism and adherence to health-protective protocols vary based on the type of protocol in question. In order to increase protocol adherence, the specific variables predicting adherence to different protocols need to be assessed in order to increase adherence and improve public health during humanitarian services.

Open Access PDF

Concepts Keywords
Covid COVID skepticism
Fast COVID-19
Health Refugees


Type Source Name
disease MESH Covid-19
disease VO protocol
disease MESH infection
disease IDO country
disease VO frequency
disease VO population
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
drug DRUGBANK Serine
disease VO organization
disease VO USA
disease MESH uncertainty
disease VO vaccination
drug DRUGBANK Indoleacetic acid
drug DRUGBANK Trestolone
disease VO Pal
drug DRUGBANK Etoperidone
drug DRUGBANK Water
drug DRUGBANK Polyethylene glycol
disease VO time
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease MESH infectious disease
disease MESH yellow fever
disease VO Canada
disease VO vaccine

Original Article

(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)