Social support during pregnancy and the risk of postpartum depression in Polish women: A prospective study.

Publication date: Mar 22, 2024

Social support has been proposed as an important determinant of women’s physical and emotional well-being during pregnancy and after childbirth. Our study aimed to examine the association between the risk of postpartum depression (PPD) and perceived social support during pregnancy. A web-based prospective study survey was conducted among Polish women. The level of social support was measured with the Berlin Social Support Scales during pregnancy. Four weeks after the birth the risk of PPD was assessed using the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale. Data from 932 mothers aged 19-43 (mean 30. 95; SD 3. 83) were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression. Higher perceived available support (emotional and instrumental), currently received support (emotional, instrumental and informational), satisfaction with the support, and sum of score were all associated with lower risk of PPD, after controlling for selected covariates (woman’s age, socioeconomic status, parity status, place of residency, education, child’s Apgar score, type of delivery, complications during birth, kin assisting the labor, breastfeeding). Our results suggest that the more social support the pregnant woman receives, the lower is her risk of PPD. Since humans evolved as cooperative breeders, they are inherently reliant on social support to raise children and such allomaternal help could improve maternal well-being.

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Concepts Keywords
Berlin COVID-19
Childbirth Perceived support
Polish Postpartum depression
Socioeconomic Psychological care
Web Well-being


Type Source Name
disease MESH postpartum depression
drug DRUGBANK p-Phenylenediamine
disease MESH complications
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease MESH COVID 19
disease MESH major depressive disorder
disease VO organization
drug DRUGBANK Nonoxynol-9
disease VO population
drug DRUGBANK Trestolone
disease VO effective
disease VO pregnant women
disease VO protocol
disease VO report
disease MESH pregnancy complications
drug DRUGBANK Ethanol
disease IDO process
disease MESH bipolar disorder
disease MESH low socioeconomic status
disease MESH high risk pregnancy
disease IDO intervention
drug DRUGBANK Spinosad
drug DRUGBANK Nadide
disease MESH burnout
disease VO time
pathway REACTOME Reproduction

Original Article

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