Understanding the mental health impacts of biological disasters: Lessons from Taiwan’s experience with COVID-19.

Publication date: Mar 22, 2024

Biological disasters pose a growing challenge in the 21st century, significantly impacting global society. Taiwan has experienced such disasters, resulting in long-term consequences like loss of life, trauma, economic decline, and societal disruptions. Post-disaster, mental health issues such as fear, anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and stress surge, accompanied by increased suicide rates. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (also called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)) pandemic, recognized as a biological disaster, triggered lockdowns and quarantines in Taiwan, causing lifestyle changes, economic recession, and so on. These shifts may elevate uncertainty about the future, intensifying mental stress and leading to a rise in various mental illnesses. This article reviews mental health studies conducted in Taiwan during the pandemic, emphasizing the need to integrate this research for future preparedness and interventions regarding the mental health impacts of biological disasters, including COVID-19. Further research is essential to explore long-term effects, interventions, and generalizability.

Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Lessons Depression
Pandemic Disasters
Recession Fear
Taiwan Posttraumatic stress disorder


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH post-traumatic stress disorder
disease MESH suicide
disease VO Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
disease MESH lifestyle
disease MESH uncertainty
disease MESH mental illnesses

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