Clinical Performance of the Reverse Transcription-Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for the Diagnosis of COVID-19 in a Thai Community Hospital at the Thailand-Myanmar Border.

Publication date: Feb 01, 2024

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to be a global health threat and is a public health issue in Thailand and other countries. The extensive cross-border between Thailand and Myanmar is considered to be at a potentially high risk for COVID-19 distribution in this region. In this instance, simple and cost-effective tests for rapid and early detection of COVID-19 would be useful for effective patient management and control of the disease. This study was conducted at Mae Sot Hospital on the border of Thailand-Myanmar to evaluate the diagnostic performance of a simple colorimetric reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay developed recently for the rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2. Nasopharyngeal specimens were routinely collected and processed through automated nucleic acid extraction followed by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) using the Molaccu COVID-19 Detection Kit. The RT-LAMP assay was further performed on remnant RNA samples, and the visual results were compared to those of rRT-PCR as a reference. Of the 727 samples tested, the RT-LAMP assay could detect 322 out of 374 samples positive for SARS-CoV-2 by rRT-PCR with 100% (n = 353/353) negative agreement. The comparative analysis demonstrated the overall accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the RT-LAMP at 92. 85% (n = 675/727, 95% CI: 90. 73-94. 61), 86. 10% (n = 322/374, 95% CI: 82. 17-89. 44), 100% (n = 353/353, 95% CI: 98. 96-100), 100% (n = 322/322, 95% CI: 98. 86-100), and 87. 16% (n = 353/405, 95% CI: 84. 06-89. 73), respectively. This RT-LAMP assay showed good diagnostic performance in the hospital setting. It can increase laboratory capacity for rapid SARS-CoV-2 testing and has the potential for use as an alternative or a backup assay at the point of need, especially where alternatives are unavailable for any reason, such as a decline in COVID-19 cases.

Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus covid-19
Global hospital
Isothermal rrt-pcr
Pcr rt-lamp
Thailand sars-cov-2

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease IDO assay
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO effective
disease VO time

Original Article

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