Validating part of the social media infodemic listening conceptual framework using structural equation modelling.

Validating part of the social media infodemic listening conceptual framework using structural equation modelling.

Publication date: Apr 01, 2024

The literature has identified various factors that promote or hinder people’s intentions towards COVID-19 vaccination, and structural equation modelling (SEM) is a common approach to validate these associations. We propose a conceptual framework called social media infodemic listening (SoMeIL) for public health behaviours. Hypothesizing parameters retrieved from social media platforms can be used to infer people’s intentions towards vaccination behaviours. This study preliminarily validates several components of the SoMeIL conceptual framework using SEM and Twitter data and examines the feasibility of using Twitter data in SEM research. A total of 2420 English tweets in Toronto or Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, were collected from March 8 to June 30, 2021. Confirmatory factor analysis and SEM were applied to validate the SoMeIL conceptual framework in this cross-sectional study. The results showed that sentiment scores, the log-numbers of favourites and retweets of a tweet, and the log-numbers of a user’s favourites, followers, and public lists had significant direct associations with COVID-19 vaccination intention. The sentiment score of a tweet had the strongest relationship, whereas a user’s number of followers had the weakest relationship with the intention of COVID-19 vaccine uptake. The findings preliminarily validate several components of the SoMeIL conceptual framework by testing associations between self-reported COVID-19 vaccination intention and sentiment scores and the log-numbers of a tweet’s favourites and retweets as well as users’ favourites, followers, and public lists. This study also demonstrates the feasibility of using Twitter data in SEM research. Importantly, this study preliminarily validates the use of these six components as online reaction behaviours in the SoMeIL framework to infer the self-reported COVID-19 vaccination intentions of Canadian Twitter users in two cities. This study was supported by the 2023-24 Ontario Graduate Scholarship.

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Concepts Keywords
Canada COVID-19
Eclinicalmedicine Structural equation modelling
June Twitter
Tweets Vaccine intention
Weakest

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO vaccination
disease VO Canada
disease VO COVID-19 vaccine
disease VO vaccine

Original Article

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