Associations Between Healthy Behaviors and Persistently Favorable Self-Rated Health in a Longitudinal Population-Based Study in Switzerland.

Associations Between Healthy Behaviors and Persistently Favorable Self-Rated Health in a Longitudinal Population-Based Study in Switzerland.

Publication date: Mar 25, 2024

Self-rated health is a subjective yet valuable indicator of overall health status, influenced by various factors including physical, psychological, and socio-economic elements. Self-rated health could be telling and used by primary care physicians to evaluate overall present and predictive health. This study investigates the longitudinal evolution of self-rated health in Switzerland during the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on the association of persistently favorable self-rated health with various predictors. This study based on the Specchio cohort, a population-based digital study in Geneva Switzerland, involved participants completing questionnaires from 2021 to 2023. Self-rated health was assessed alongside factors like physical and mental health, socio-economic status, and lifestyle behaviors. The study included 7006 participants in 2021, and 3888 participants who answered all three follow-ups (2021, 2022, and 2023). At baseline, 34. 9% of individuals reported very good, 54. 6% reported good, 9. 6% reported average, and 1. 0% reported poor to very poor self-rated health. Overall, 29. 1% had a worsening in their self-rated health between 2021 and 2023. A subset of participants (12. 1%) maintained very good self-rated health throughout, demonstrating persistently favorable self-rated health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Positive health behaviors were associated with persistently favorable self-rated health (exercise aOR 1. 13 [1. 03-1. 24]; healthy diet aOR 2. 14 [1. 70-2. 68]; less screen time aOR 1. 28 [1. 03-1. 58]; and better sleep quality aOR 2. 48 [2. 02-3. 04]). Mental health and social support also played significant roles. The study underscores the significance of healthy lifestyle choices and social support in maintaining favorable self-rated health, particularly during challenging times like the COVID-19 pandemic. Primary care physicians should focus on promoting these factors, integrating these actions in their routine consultations, and advising patients to undertake in socially engaging activities to improve overall health perceptions and outcomes.

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Concepts Keywords
Diet Aor
Physicians Based
Switzerland Behaviors
Valuable Covid
Factors
Favorable
Good
Health
Healthy
Pandemic
Participants
Rated
Reported
Self
Switzerland

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease VO population
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease MESH lifestyle
disease VO time
drug DRUGBANK Tropicamide
disease MESH sleep quality
disease VO Canada
disease MESH morbidity
disease VO organ
drug DRUGBANK Nonoxynol-9
drug DRUGBANK Ethanol
drug DRUGBANK Trestolone
disease MESH causality
disease MESH vascular disease

Original Article

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