Evaluation of Strategies for Transitioning to Annual SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination Campaigns in the United States.

Publication date: Mar 26, 2024

The U. S. Food and Drug Administration has proposed administering annual SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. To evaluate the effectiveness of an annual SARS-CoV-2 vaccination campaign, quantify the health and economic benefits of a second dose provided to children younger than 2 years and adults aged 50 years or older, and optimize the timing of a second dose. An age-structured dynamic transmission model. United States. A synthetic population reflecting demographics and contact patterns in the United States. Vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 with age-specific uptake similar to that of influenza vaccination. Incidence, hospitalizations, deaths, and direct health care cost. The optimal timing between the first and second dose delivered to children younger than 2 years and adults aged 50 years or older in an annual vaccination campaign was estimated to be 5 months. In direct comparison with a single-dose campaign, a second booster dose results in 123 869 fewer hospitalizations (95% uncertainty interval [UI], 121 994 to 125 742 fewer hospitalizations) and 5524 fewer deaths (95% UI, 5434 to 5613 fewer deaths), averting $3. 63 billion (95% UI, $3. 57 billion to $3. 69 billion) in costs over a single year. Population immunity is subject to degrees of immune evasion for emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants. The model was implemented in the absence of nonpharmaceutical interventions and preexisting vaccine-acquired immunity. The direct health care costs of SARS-CoV-2, particularly among adults aged 50 years or older, would be substantially reduced by administering a second dose 5 months after the initial dose. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Notsew Orm Sands Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Science Foundation.

Concepts Keywords
Canada Adults
Economic Aged
Nonpharmaceutical Annual
Vaccine Campaign


Type Source Name
disease VO vaccination
disease VO effectiveness
disease VO dose
disease VO population
disease MESH influenza
disease MESH uncertainty
disease VO vaccine
disease VO Canada

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