Characteristics of injuries related to traffic crashes in Israel before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Publication date: Mar 28, 2024

This study explored differences in patient characteristics, injury characteristics, treatment modalities, and treatment outcomes among patients who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) following traffic crashes during the COVID-19 period (from March 15, 2020 to March 15, 2022) in comparison to the previous corresponding period between 2017 and 2019. The study is a retrospective chart review study. The study included a random sample of 610 patients who presented to the ED of a major hospital located in northern-central Israel following traffic crashes: 305 patients who presented during the COVID-19 period (from March 15, 2020 to March 15, 2022) and 305 patients who presented during the previous corresponding period (from March 15, 2017 to March 15, 2019). Socio-demographic data, data regarding the traffic crashes, and medical data of the patients were collected from their medical records, and the data were compared. In the context of the COVID-19 period, a notable surge in the percentage of cyclist victims was evident, marking an increase from 7. 5% to 19% compared to the corresponding period. Conversely, the incidence of pedestrian victims during the COVID-19 period dropped to 19. 7%, in contrast to 30. 8% in the corresponding period. Notably, patients involved in pedestrian crashes amid the COVID-19 period exhibited a shorter hospital stay (M = 2. 8 days, SD = 3. 3) compared to the corresponding period (M = 4. 3 days, SD = 7. 1) [t = 1. 8 (df = 141), p 

Concepts Keywords
Cyclist COVID-19
Hospital injury characteristics
Israel traffic crashes
Pandemic

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease MESH Emergency
disease MESH Long Covid

Original Article

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