A Nomogram for Predicting the Risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke During the COVID-19.

A Nomogram for Predicting the Risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke During the COVID-19.

Publication date: Mar 26, 2024

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is an important complication of stroke. As coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) enters the stage of persistent and long-term management, the clinical management of DVT in stroke patients may require adjustment. The present study evaluated whether there was an increased risk of DVT in stroke patients during the COVID-19 period. Furthermore, we analyzed the possible risk factors and developed an easy-to-use nomogram to predict DVT in stroke patients during the long-term management of COVID-19. A total of 7087 stroke patients during the COVID-19 period and 14,174 patients with age, sex, and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores matched before the period from four centers were included. The incidence of DVT in stroke patients during the COVID-19 period (20. 5%) was significantly higher than that before this period (15. 9%, P < .001). Age, body mass index, smoking, D-dimer, physical activity level, NIHSS score, and intermittent pneumatic compression were significant predictors of DVT during the COVID-19 period (P < .05). A nomogram was constructed; internal and external validations showed high accuracy, and decision curve analysis showed excellent clinical applicability. This nomogram could evaluate the risk of DVT after stroke and assist in its early prevention during the long-term management of COVID-19.

Concepts Keywords
Angiology COVID-19
Coronavirus deep vein thrombosis
Covid nomogram
stroke

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH Deep Vein Thrombosis
disease MESH Acute Ischemic Stroke
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH stroke
disease VO age

Original Article

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