SARS-CoV-2 Contamination on Healthy Individuals’ Hands in Community Settings During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

SARS-CoV-2 Contamination on Healthy Individuals’ Hands in Community Settings During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Publication date: Feb 01, 2024

Introduction Hand hygiene is an infection control measure for COVID-19 in our daily lives; however, the contamination levels of SARS-CoV-2 in the hands of healthy individuals remain unclear. Thus, we aimed to evaluate SARS-CoV-2 contamination levels by detecting viral RNA and viable viruses in samples obtained from the hands of 925 healthy individuals. Methods Swab samples were collected from the palms and fingers of healthy participants, including office workers, public officers, university students, university faculty and staff, and hospital staff between December 2022 and March 2023. The collected swab samples were analyzed using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) for SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection. Viral RNA-positive samples were subjected to plaque assay to detect viable viruses. Results We collected 1,022 swab samples from the hands of healthy participants. According to the criteria for data collection, 97 samples were excluded, and 925 samples were analyzed using RT-qPCR. SARS-CoV-2 RNA was detected in three of the 925 samples. The viral RNA detection rate was 0. 32% (3/925), and the viral RNA copy numbers ranged from 5. 0cD710 to 1. 7cD710 copies/mL. The RT-qPCR-positive samples did not contain viable viruses, as confirmed by the plaque assay results. Conclusions The detection rate of SARS-CoV-2 RNA from the hands of healthy individuals was extremely low, and no viable viruses were detected. These results suggest that the risk of contact transmission via hands in a community setting is extremely rare.

Concepts Keywords
December contact transmission
Hygiene covid-19
Polymerase hands
Viruses healthy participants
sars-cov-2

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 Pandemic
disease MESH infection
disease VO viable
disease VO Viruses
drug DRUGBANK Etoperidone
disease IDO assay

Original Article

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