Strategic development of a self-adjuvanting SARS-CoV-2 RBD vaccine: From adjuvant screening to enhanced immunogenicity with a modified TLR7 agonist.

Strategic development of a self-adjuvanting SARS-CoV-2 RBD vaccine: From adjuvant screening to enhanced immunogenicity with a modified TLR7 agonist.

Publication date: Mar 29, 2024

Adjuvants enhance the body’s immune response to a vaccine, often leading to better protection against diseases. Monophosphoryl lipid A analogues (MPLA, TLR4 agonists), α-galactosylceramide analogues (NKT cell agonists), and imidazoquinoline compounds (TLR7/8 agonists) are emerging novel adjuvants on market or under clinical trials. Despite significant interest in these adjuvants, a direct comparison of their adjuvant activities remains unexplored. We initially assessed the activities of various adjuvants from three distinct categories using the SARS-CoV-2 RBD trimer antigen. TLR4 and TLR7/8 agonists are discovered to elicit robust IgG2a/2b antibodies, which is crucial for eliciting antibody dependent cytotoxicity. While α-galactosylceramide analogs induced mainly IgG1 antibody. Then, because of the flexibility of the TLR7/8 agonist, we designed and synthesized a tri-component self-adjuvanting SARS-CoV-2 RBD vaccine, featuring a covalent TLR7 agonist and targeting mannoside. Animal studies indicated that this vaccine generated antigen-specific humoral immunity. Yet, its immunogenicity seems compromised, indicating the complexity of the vaccine.

Concepts Keywords
Agonist Adjuvant screening
Immunopharmacol Galactosylceramide analogues
Tlr4 Self-adjuvanting vaccines
Trials TLR7/8 agonists
Unexplored

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease VO vaccine
disease IDO immune response
drug DRUGBANK Tropicamide
disease IDO cell

Original Article

(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)