Myocarditis, Coagulopathy, and Small Fibre, Sensory, and Multiple Cranial Nerve Neuropathy Complicating BNT162b2 Vaccination: A Case Report.

Publication date: Feb 01, 2024

SARS-CoV-2 vaccinations can lead to complications, including post-acute COVID-19 vaccination syndrome (PACVS). There has been no report of a patient with PACVS presenting with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), myocarditis/pericarditis, immunodeficiency, or coagulopathy after the second BNT162b2 dose. The patient is a 51-year-old woman with chronic myopericarditis, coagulopathy due to factor-VIII increase and protein-S deficiency, GBS, and a number of other ocular, dermatological, immunological, and central nervous system abnormalities related to the second dose of the BNT172b2 vaccine. GBS manifested with mild, multiple cranial nerve lesions, small fibre neuropathy (SFN) affecting the autonomic system with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and orthostatic hypotension, and sensory disturbances in the upper and lower limbs. PACVS was diagnosed months after onset, but despite the delayed diagnosis, the patient benefited from glucocorticoids, repeated HELP apheresis, and multiple symptomatic treatments. The case shows that SARS-CoV-2 vaccination can be complicated by PACVS manifesting as chronic myopericarditis, coagulopathy, GBS with predominant dysautonomia, and impaired immune competence, and that diagnosis of PACVS can be delayed for months. Delayed diagnosis of PACVS may result in a delay in appropriate treatment and the prolongation of disabling symptoms. Patients and physicians should be made aware of PACVS to improve diagnostic and therapeutic management in terms of patient and healthcare system costs.

Concepts Keywords
Bnt162b2 adverse reaction
Covid myopericarditis
Myopericarditis sars-cov-2 vaccination
Vaccinations small fibre neuropathy
Woman

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH Myocarditis
disease VO vaccination
disease VO report
disease MESH complications
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH syndrome
disease MESH Guillain-Barre syndrome
disease MESH pericarditis
disease IDO immunodeficiency
disease VO dose
disease VO vaccine
disease MESH small fibre neuropathy
disease MESH postural tachycardia syndrome
disease MESH orthostatic hypotension
disease MESH dysautonomia

Original Article

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